Heart (cardiac) and chest (thoracic) surgeons diagnose and treat heart conditions lungs and chest. Cardiac surgery is one of the specialized surgical procedures to treat the heart problems. Cardiac surgeons perform heart transplant, valve replacement, coronary artery bypass surgery and replacement of congenital heart conditions. One of the most common types of heart surgery for adults is done by cardiothoracic surgeons is coronary artery bypass grafting. During this usually surgeons use healthy arteries or vein taken from another part of the body to bypass blocked heart arteries. This surgery reduces chest pain and risk of heart attack. Cardiothoracic surgery is the specialized treatment done to cure the affected organs within the thorax (the chest) and in lungs and esophagus.
Heart valve replacement:
A valve may be too narrow or completely closed and it might not close properly. In such cases, blood leaks in backwards direction. Healthy valves open and close in a precise way as the heart pumps the blood and its must flow in one direction. Heart valves have set of flaps called leaflets and it helps to open. It allows blood to pass from one heart chamber to other arteries. For such complications, surgeons either repair the valve or replace it. There are new ways to use catheters in some types of valve surgeries and also may use faulty aortic valve. Once the valve replacement done properly, the balloon is expand the new valve securely with the old valve.
It is also known as congestive heart failure, occurs when heart muscle doesn’t pump blood as much as it should pump. Heart failure surgery is aimed at further damage to the heart. Bypass surgery is most common surgery for heart failure its route the blood around a blocked heart artery, heart valve surgery and heart transplant.
Some operations done by the cardiac and cardiothoracic surgeons and surgery are: