Security printing deals with securely printing of cheques, banknotes, passports, stock certificates, tamper evident labels, identity cards and postage cards. The main aim of this is to avoid tampering, forging or counterfeiting with such valuable documents. Encoding is the procedure of overprinting on the security background with personalized details and MICR code lines. These are printed in white ink which acts as stimulated watermark which has a different reflectance from an angle and cannot get easily scanned or photocopied. Cheque- Security printing & encoding is the requirement of a security control procedure and is the need of the hour in this fraudulent World.